NECO Literature in English Exam 2022/2023 Questions and Answers (Theory and Objective)

NECO Literature in English Exam 2022/2023 Questions and Answers (Theory and Objective)

literature in english

NECO Literature 2022 Exam Questions and Solutions. In this post, I’ll provide you with free access to previous literature objective and theoretical repeated questions as well as NECO Literature Drama and Poetry. Additionally, you’ll comprehend how the NECO Literature in English exam is structured and how to respond to questions.2022–2023 NECO Biology Practical Questions and Answers (Complete Solution)

The Senior Secondary Certificate Examination and the General Certificate in Education are administered by Nigeria’s National Examinations Council (NECO) every June/July and December/January, respectively.

Objectives for NECO Literature and Essay (Prose) Answers 2022 (Expo)

During the NECO Literature exam, a link to the 2022 NECO Literature Expo will be displayed here. For the solutions, keep checking and refreshing this page.neco-literature-in-english-questions-and-answers/

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In the novel Second-Class Citizen, normal Africans who are naturally black are portrayed, and it is explored how their colour prevents them from having a wonderful time abroad. Because there are second-class citizens and first-class citizens in the work, the term “Second Class Citizen” alludes to a black citizen who is subpar, inferior, and experiencing an identity problem. The former is connected with the British people, who have the opportunity to join in everything society has to offer, but the latter, which is black (specifically, Africans), have few options. They are not permitted to coexist in the neighborhood, which is predominately white, with their white counterparts. The black population is confined to slums. While menial jobs are intended for them.

For instance, Adah and her family prominently feature the theme of racial prejudice (Race) in the book as a subject that she makes every effort to avoid. When they are still living at Ashdown Street, Adah has her first run-in with race relations when she receives a notice to vacate the property.


Adah declined to enroll her kids in nursery school like the majority of English parents. They are Ibos as well, the detested people for adhering to their own ideals. The landlady is aware that Vicky has evaded death and that Adah is expecting a third child. “Vicky has cheated death and Adah is expecting a third child,”Adah and her husband must go. They are unable to find a new place to live. The majority of the empty spots they see have writing on them. Sorry, No Colored, they say.


Due to racism and an identity problem, Adah’s search for a home is made more challenging by the fact that she is black, has two kids, and is expecting a third. She has learned from race relations that she should be ashamed of her skin tone. Even when surrounded by white people, she was never conscious of this back in Nigeria. She swears never to live up to racism as it starts to have a major psychological impact on her.she swears to never live up to the expectations of the white people, to lead a meager lifestyle, and to quit hunting for housing in a nice, safe neighborhood. She is now learning to be suspicious of anything lovely and pure since those things belong to white people and not to black people.

Adah has also become a liar and cheat as a result of racial prejudice; in order to find housing, she had to alter her Nigerian accent to sound like a white woman. Adah and Francis must both continue to visit the white landlady in order to hide their dark skin tones and identify without success. Francis burns the first novel by Adah as a result of racism, among other things.The Bride Price because he believes Adah is black and that only white people should pursue literary careers.



The idea that women should have the same rights and opportunities as men, as well as the fight to make this a reality, are both referred to as feminism. Adah was essentially developed as a feminist heroine to change both the circumstances surrounding her upbringing and those of the foreign country (London) in which she now finds herself. For instance, female children are not given the same opportunities as male children since they are viewed as less important and valuable in Ibuza. Everyone, including her parents, was anticipating and predicting a boy when Adah was born. Because she is viewed as a disappointment by her parents and her community, no one bothered to keep track of her birthdate.

Adah, who is unmoved by any type of discrimination based on gender, inequity, or what her society thinks of her gender, yet, is unafraid to confront the established quo. She initially drags herself to school at the age of eight because her parents have refused to enroll her in a school because of their perception of her gender. Her parents, Pa and Ma, honestly think that a girl’s education makes her conceited and irresponsible. Boy, Adah’s brother, is currently enrolled at Lagos’ most costly school, Ladi-Lak Institute. At first, she envies Boy, but that soon turns into resentment and grief.

She enjoys defying her parents in order to highlight her situation of being unable to being enrolled in the same school as Boy up until the point where her parents start acting less kindly and transfer her to the cheap Methodist school next door. Feminist protests, particularly when Ma is penalized by the authorities for child abuse, make this possible.


As a feminist, Adah extends her tacit and unobtrusive resistance to her marriage to a guy who is indoctrinated by African traditional ideology, which has demoted the status of women. Francis has a limited and uninspired view of women. He views women as less than human beings who should be used, exploited, and abandoned so they can languish in sorrow. Adah does choose to serve as the family’s primary provider at the beginning of their union, a job that is intended for men only. She supports her family—her husband and their four kids—and pays all the bills. This is due to the fact that she learns how to take responsibility for herself at a young age, even when no one is interested in her for her own reason rather than the money she brings in for the family.

Her journey to a faraway country and unlucky marriage to Francis appear to be total acts of suffering servitude and bondage. She is a true feminist because of her resolve, desire, and liberation from a male-dominated culture that has oppressed women and treats them like commodities. Another quality that deserves emphasis is her capacity to free herself from Francis’s abusive constraints.

No (3)

Husband to Nii is Massa. She is diagnosed with a very dangerous illness early on in the book, and by the time it is over, she has passed away. Nii cares deeply about Massa and goes above and above to provide for his wife. Massa, on the other hand, is the one who frequently stops Nii from taking on too much for her. Nii claims that Massa subscribes to the pan-Africanist view, which holds that all African nations should get along. Massa tells Nii not to go back to Nigeria, perhaps in an effort to advance pan-Africanism.


While Joe is still preoccupied with his business and the alien issue, Mama and the Amen Kristi brethren continue to preach the gospel; this time they are at Egba. The front home on fire all of a sudden. The woman and kids are confined inside the structure. The mother runs into the conflagration, grabs the child from the mother, ignores her rushes, and leaps out. Mama thought to herself, “If the authorities will let me, I can take care of the baby until the father or a relative comes.” Mama implores. The loss of life is included in the anticipated several million naira in property damage.



(Answer Only ONE of the Questions in This Section)


The college that the narrator attended, the president is a black man named Bledsoe. Bledsoe is a hypocrite, a double-dealer, and a traitor to both whites and blacks. His guiding principle is to appear meek and obedient in front of the white people while really being a man who has no allegiance to anyone. The arrogant and egotistical Bledsoe once advised the narrator that he should slaughter and hang the black people in order to maintain his position. The reader can understand that Bledsoe is a traitor to his own race most clearly from the statement.

Bledsoe is a man who will use any means necessary to achieve his goals. Bledsoe was informed by Mr. Norton that the narrator is not to blame. On the surface, Bledsoe appears to agree with Mr. Norton, but in reality, he has complete freedom. Instead, Bledsoe kicked the narrator out and gave him seven awful letters of recommendation. This example demonstrated to the reader what kind of man Bledsoe is, despite the fact that the narrator was drawn to him “on surface kindness.” Although it initially seems as though Bledsoe is willing to assist the protagonist, once the contents of the letters are exposed, either the protagonist or the readers gain a deeper understanding of Bledsoe’s personality.


The foreshadowed narrator is opposed by Bledsoe,because he frequently finds himself in the narrator’s neck throughout the book,readers can assume that the narrator will mature naturally as the story goes on. By the book’s conclusion, readers will be able to clearly distinguish between the narrator’s and Dr. Bledsoe’s mentalities. Bledsoe is a representation of the prosperous black man of that era who turned against both blacks and whites.

Additionally, Bledsoe is Booker T. Washington’s agent. Both black guys think they should continue to be servile to white people. Washington desired that the black submit to the Whites, and Bledsoe has also been acting in this way.



The central theme of the book is how African-Americans define themselves. In the book, the narrator’s desire to alter the plot so that white people are given more importance than black people is a factor in the great problems he faced. Due to racial issues and his drive to define himself, no black guy is permitted to advance beyond a particular level. The main character of the story blames his invisibility partly on his failure to define himself independently of other people’s opinions. Almost everyone he meets tries to define him and instruct him in proper behavior.


For instance, Dr. Bledsoe instructs the narrator to grin and lie to the whites at the college.The narrator is given the privilege of chauffeuring a trustee by the name of Mr. Norton and receives criticism for his behavior at the pub. Additionally, he is accepted into the fraternity with the intention of serving as their spokesperson, but perhaps because of their arrogant goals or their excessively rigid regulations, he eventually leaves. The Brotherhood initially makes an effort to redefine him by giving him a new name and identity as well as by subjecting him to rigorous training to ensure he adopts the organization’s principles. Thankfully, the narrator must conceal himself in order to define himself. He acts in this way because he is unable to address racial prejudice in his community.The narrator’s choice to go underground and return later also suggests that he hasn’t given up on trying to improve the conditions in his community. This is clear from his admirable conclusion, which is that he went underground and beat everything except the mind. And the mind has created a way of existence that calls for never losing sight of the chaos that led to the conclusion of that pattern. I must emerge, I must come forth… Additionally, as I previously stated, a choice has been made, thus I’m shedding my old skin and will leave it here in the white. Without it, I’m no less invisible, yet I’m still coming out.



Rich guy Lockwood arrives at Thrushcross Grange to spend a year in the country as the framing narrator. As the proprietor of Thrushcross Grange, Heathcliff serves as Lockwood’s landlord. His initial encounter with Heathcliff in Wuthering Heights offers a crucial insight into his personality. Lockwood completely misjudges Heathcliff’s character. He is not only shown to be a bad judge of other people’s morals, but also to be lacking in self-awareness.


Lockwood develops an interest in Heathcliff and the other residents of the mansion after the heir-rising night spent at Wuthering Heights. He chose to inquire about Heathcliff with Nelly Dean, who is about eighteen years old. After that, Lockwood establishes the frame story or story within a story by pressing Ellen will discuss Heathcliff. The second narrative in the book is Ellen’s tale. Just as the reader is the audience for Charlotte Bronte’s novel, Lockwood becomes the audience for Ellen’s story. Zillah and Joseph are also given some of the story by Ellen (servants). The bizarre occurrences that have molded Heathcliff into the man Lockwood encounters when he moves in at the Grange are solely mentioned by Lockwood, the only other narrator.

Most significantly, Lockwood acts as a go-between for everything Dean (Ellen’s Nelly) tells him. His narrative frames Ellen Dean’s narration, which in turn frames other narratives like Isabella. Lockwood’s ability to separate us from the narration by using a number of framing narratives, such as- a crucial gothic device to muddle narration.



(i) First person point of view:

The first person mode of narration is the technique which the novelist employs, where one character tells the story, that is, Nelly (Ellen) Dean.The reader reads the story from the perspective of this narrative. There are three narrative levels in Wuthering Heights. They are divided into Primary, Secondary and Tertiary narrators.

The primary narration explains that the entire novel is a written record of all the incidents narrated to Lockwood by Nelly Dean. He is thus, the primary narrator and the primary narrate (the person to whom the story is told). This method of narration is the first person past written method. Lockwood belongs here.


Nelly (Ellen) Dean is also the secondary narrator who narrates all the incidients to Lockwood. The mode of narration is the first person past/present spoken method. Nelly Dean begins telling the story in part of the chapters. In the tertiary narration, some of the incidents are first narrated by the different characters, first to Nelly the Secondary narrator who in turn narrates them to Lockwood, the primary narrator. Heathcliff’s oral accounts, Isabella’s letter which is read out to Lockwood combining the written and oral method. The story is given to the reader in the form of Mr. Lockwood’s diary, but the story is told to him through Nelly Dean.


These narrators can be regarded as unreliable because they have their own perspective on events and other characters, and that can influence the things they include or don’t include in their narration. For instance, Nelly, the narrator is fond of Cathy Linton and Hareton Earnshaw, so her kind of narration favours them. She dislikes Heathcliff so her narration is less favourable towards him.


(ii) Symbolism:

Symbols provide in-depth understanding of the prose narrative. They include the following:

(a) Wuthering Heights: The title of the novel is symbolic of the incidents in the story “Wuthering” refers to that which is windy or willowy. It represent instability or “unsettled”. This is symbolic of the events or series of conflict in the novel, some of which result to numerous death and a few others resolved in the end.

(b) The Moors: Moors are open areas, wet, wild and infertile. As the play opens. Lockwood fears walking through the moors at night. Catherine and Heathcliff spend much of their childhood rambling on the moors, symbolizing their wild nature. Both of them are buried on the moors because of the wild personality they represent, Moors also symbolize danger, so does the love between Catherine and Heathcliff.

(c) Whether: The serious winds present at the Heights symbolize the hardness and the problem that the inhabitants need to battle with. Wind and rain for instance, are present when Mr. Earnshaw dies and when Heathcliff departs from Wuthering Heights and when Heathcliff dies.

(d) Ghosts: Ghosts in the novel are ambiguous. They portend danger and they also symbolize past events. Their appearance at the Heights helps the character to remember them. Ghost also add an element of mystery and excitement to the story. The appearance of Catherine’s ghost also emphasizes just how much Catherine was in love with Heathcliff.

(e) Suspense and Palimpsest Narration: Emily Bronte creates atmosphere and suspense using her own artistic technique known as palimpsest which involves the use of narratives within narratives, Bronte uses Lockwood and Nelly (Ellen) Dean to narrate the events in the novel. The use of suspense is great which span from the progression of the first generation character and that of the second generation. The reader should be spellbound to know what happens to Heathcliff but are mystified when he turns a new leaf before his eventual demise.


(iii) Elements of Gothic novel in Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights:

What makes a work gothic is a combination of at least some of these elements:

  1. Ruined buildings which arouse a pleasing sad mood.
  2. Extreme land scape like extreme weather.
  3. Supernatural manifestation like the presence of ghosts.
  4. A passion driven, willful villain hero or villain.
  5. Horrifying or terrifying events or threat of this happening.


Some of the elements of Gothic novel invented by Horace Walpole, have also made their way into Bronte’s Wuthering Heights. In true gothic fashion, there is usually love story crossing the boundary between life and death as we have seen in the union between Heathcliff and Catherine and is transgressing from one social class and family tie. Also, Bronte follows Walpole in Portraying the tyrannies of the father and the cruelties of the patriarchal family.


Also, Bronte has incorporated the gothic element of imprisonment and escape, flight, the persecuted hero wooed by a dangerous and a good suitor, ghost, a mysterious foundling necrophilia and revenge. Heathcliff for instance, imprisons Cathy and Ellen, all in a bid to have Cathy married out to Linton.


There is weather which buffeted Wuthering Heights, the traditional Castle and like the conventional Gothic hero-villain. Heathcliff is a mysterious figure who destroys the beautiful women he woos and who asurps inheritance. There is the hint of necrophilia in Heathcliff’s views of Catherine’s corpse and his plan to be buried next to her and a hint of incest in their being raised as brother and sister.



The questions below are the Neco past questions and answers that will aid you in your 2021 NECO Literature Questions.

The questions below are the NECO 2021 Literature Practice Questions. Go through them and be ready to score high in your NECO 2021 Literature in English Examination.

1.In Literature generally, a stock character is a character

a)who plays the role of a stock

b)broker or merchant

c)whose actions, speech, style, and role are predicable

d)whose manner is as stiff as a dry stockfish


ANSWER: C (whose actions, speech, style, and role are predicable)

2.A light or amusing interlude imported in the middle of a tragic play is called

a)a comic relief

b)an aggression

c)a contrast



ANSWER: A (comic relief)

3.When one author produces a mocking invitation of another author’s work we call his product

a)a conceit

b)an aggression

c)a contrast

d)a parody


ANSWER: D (parody)

4.A type of poem which may be sung and which embodies a tale is called

a)sentimental poem

b)sonorous poetry

c)musical interlude

d)a ballad


ANSWER: D (a Ballard)

5.Poetry is distinguished from prose fiction in that it

a)uses puns and persona

b)injects emotion and sentiment

c)does not have a hero

d)uses rhyme and meter

e)uses stanza

ANSWER: D (uses rhyme and meter)

  1. Go, lovely rose,

Tell her that wastes her time and me

When I resembled her for thee,

How sweet and fair she seems to be

In the above lines, the rose is presented as having human characteristics or abilities. This is knowns as






ANSWER: C (personification)

7.When a story is told at one level but has its true definition at another level it is called

a)a horror story

b)a confusing story

c)an epic

d)an allegorical story


ANSWER: D (allegorical story)

8.When an unrelated incident is introduced in a work of literature it is called

a)a dream sequence

b)a flashback

c)a digression

d)a masque

e)a prologue

ANSWER: C (digression)

NECO Government Frequently Asked Questions

Civic education NECO questions and responses

Set a goal and work toward achieving it

I am confident that you have made the decision to pass NECO Literature 2022. Setting goals is the next thing you should do.

You haven’t just promised yourself, “I will get an A in Neco Literature 2022,” though. You must establish a plan for how to implement it. To attain your goals, make a master strategy and timeframe.

Purchase the Recommended Literature Textbook for the 2022 NECO Exam.

NECO typically suggests literature for the test. However, you are free to utilize any reputable literature textbook to prepare for NECO Literature English, with the exception of some sections where specific novels are required.for the NECO 2022 test.

Some texts are more challenging to comprehend. Get a textbook that will clarify any things you are having trouble understanding so that your life will be better.

Avoid Skipping the Exercises and Examples of Literature You Will Find While Reading:

While reading textbooks, many applicants enjoy skipping exercises and even examples. We even have the question, “Can I read my notebook and pass NECO Literature 2022?” because we love notebooks so much. Don’t be afraid to try the literature exercises. Take on the obstacles.

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