WAEC GCE Civic Education Questions and Answers 2022/2023 (Essay and Objectives)

WAEC GCE Civic Education Questions and Answers 2022/2023 (Essay and Objectives)

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WAEC GCE Civic Education Questions and Answers 2022 (Expo)

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WAEC GCE January/February 2022 Civic Education Answers Loading…

2021 Answers:

OBJ Answers:



(1) I Publication of a newspaper to aid in the propagation of nationalism in Nigeria: He established the “West African Pilot,” which served as a significant forum for defying colonial control.

(ii) Political party formation: In 1944, he co-founded the first viable Nigerian political party, the National Council of Nigeria and Cameroons (NCNC), alongside Herbert MaCaulay, an elder nationalist who spearheaded the independence campaign. On the death of Herbert MaCaulay, who was widely regarded as “the father of Nigerian nationalism,” Azikiwe, the party’s Secretary–General, became its President in 1946.

Between 1960 until 1966, his political party, the NCNC, formed a coalition government with the Northern Peoples Congress (NPC), making him the first president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

(iv) As a Member of Parliament from 1947 to 1950, he worked alongside others to ensure Nigeria’s independence. And he teamed up with others to form the Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM), which helped to open the floodgates for nationalism in Nigeria.

(v) He taught and enlightened Nigerians on their political rights: Most Nigerians were unaware of their political rights and freedom, but Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, as a Nigerian nationalist, helped to educate and enlighten them.

(2a) Responsible parenthood is the act or process of parents or guardians effectively carrying out their responsibilities and obligations in the upbringing/rearing of their children/wards.

(2b) I Education: Every child has the right to an education. It is one of the parental responsibilities to their children. Education is a powerful tool, and providing a child with a high-quality education is the greatest gift a parent can bestow on their child.

(ii) Good Home Training: This includes a wide range of character development, attitudinal shaping, and instilling moral, ethical, and societal values in children. The home/family, as a socialization agent, must instill love, respect, friendliness, hospitality, and national ethnic discipline in children.

(iii) Respecting the Child’s Feelings: Some parents have a practice of talking about their children in front of others, particularly about their bad habits.

(iv) Providing For The Household: Parents are responsible for providing their children with shelter, food, clothing, medical treatment, spiritual care, education, and social requirements.

(v) Caring: Caring entails being kind, helpful, and showing concern for others. As a result, parents must look after and care for their household in order to provide what their children require for their health and safety.

(vi) Instilling a Positive Mentality in Your Children: It is the responsibility of responsible parents to instill a positive mentality in their children.

(5a) Human trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receiving of people for the purpose of profit through force, fraud, or deception.

(Pick Any THREE)
(i) Physical and emotional abuse
(ii) Threats
(iii) Deception
(iv) Abduction

(5c) I Mental trauma: Human trafficking victims can suffer from terrible psychological impacts both during and after their ordeal. Many survivors may develop post-traumatic stress disorder, relational difficulties, depression, memory loss, anxiety, dread, guilt, humiliation, and other forms of mental trauma.

(ii) Physical trauma: A large number of victims sustain physical injuries. Sexually exploited people are frequently abused by their traffickers and consumers. They may be raped, beaten, and abused for an extended length of time. There’s also a larger chance of developing STDs, infections, diabetes, cancer, and other disorders.

(iii) Exploitation and deprivation: Those who are trafficked are frequently exploited as a result of the process and act of trafficking. The financiers and agents typically take a considerable percentage of the financial gains generated from the act.

(iv) Insecurity: Organized criminal gangs’ operations, which often extend beyond drug trafficking, can have major national security repercussions.

(7a) Government is the political system that governs and regulates a country or a community.

(7a) I Protection of natural rights: One of the most important functions of government is to safeguard basic human rights such as the right to life, liberty, and property.

(ii) Defense against foreign enemies: Since the dawn of civilization, war between nations has been a permanent condition. The government has a responsibility to maintain peace inside its boundaries, according to federal statutes and the constitution.


(iii) Economic management: It is the responsibility of modern governments to combat poverty and improve the quality of life of their population. To do so, the government must establish an atmosphere that encourages material affluence and economic progress.

(iv) Income and resource redistribution: Governments should ensure that the economic pie becomes larger in order to redistribute the fruits of prosperity. The government accomplishes this by taxing the wealthy and redistributing the proceeds to various groups of people who require these services.

(v) Provision of public or utility goods: Providing public goods is one of the numerous duties of government. Most of the time, they are services that the private sector either cannot or cannot offer in an equitable or efficient manner.

(vi) Avoiding any externalities: An externality is an unintended cost or benefit that results from an activity that has an influence on society. Externalities usually influence persons who are not taking part in an event or activity. The influence can be either favorable or negative. The government uses zoning state regulations to try to prevent them.

Today’s WAEC GCE Civic Answers: Loading

Note: The answers below are the 2020 Nov/Dec WAEC GCE Civic Education Questions and Answers. The 2021 January/February answers will soon be posted.



No (1a.)

i. citizenship by birth

ii. citizenship by registration

iii.citizenship by naturalisation.

i. Citizenship by birth: Section 25 of the Nigerian Constitution defines who is qualified for citizenship by birth, which simply implies those who were born in Nigeria. Although being born in Nigeria does not immediately grant you citizenship, it is a good start.

ii. Citizenship by registration: Section 26 of the Nigerian Constitution covers this type of citizenship. A person may be granted a certificate of Nigerian citizenship if they meet certain criteria, such as being of good character, expressing and demonstrating a strong desire to live in the country, taking the oath of allegiance to Nigeria as prescribed by Schedule 7 of the Nigerian Constitution, and marrying a Nigerian.

iii. Citizenship by Naturalization: Citizenship through naturalization is another option for obtaining citizenship in Nigeria. Section 27 of the Constitution allows for this, but only if certain conditions are met, as outlined in Section 28 of the Constitution. If the person is satisfied that they meet the conditions, a written application for a certificate of naturalization is sent to the President.

No (2a)

Law and Order is a state of society in which existing laws, regulations, norms, and legal codes are acknowledged and followed in order to maintain peace, order, and security of lives and property.


(i)Traditional constituted authorities: Traditional constituted authorities are founded on the people’s customs, traditions, and culture. Local traditions and customs are under the control of the leaders. Traditional Nigerian authority include the Alafin of Oyo, the Sultan of Sokoto, and the Obi of Umaiah.

(ii)Religious constituted authorities: This category includes religious leaders. These are the spiritual leaders of any society’s religious groups. Pastors of churches, Imams of mosques, priests, and other religious leaders can be elected or appointed based on their practice or doctrine.

(iii)Government-constituted Authorities: These are leaders who have the authority to rule the people under the Constitution. They are government officials. Presidents, governors, and ministers, for example.


(i)Citizen protection: The government is in charge of protecting citizens.

ensuring that all citizens are protected

Both internal and exterior dangers are safeguarded. They ensure that no one is harmed by terrorism.

(ii)Social development: Constituted authorities join hands to bring about social development through the maintenance of law and order.

(iii)Religious authority assists followers in being closer to God and in fearing God.


i. a calm condition and setting, as well as the ability to bring people of the community together.

ii. Increased Security: It is the responsibility of a positive inter-communal interaction to raise and maintain security awareness in their communities. This will assist to alleviate the fear of violence and war between the two populations.

iii. Intercommunal/Tribal Marriage Promotion: A proper intercommunal relationship will encourage tribal marriage by enabling residents and community members to marry from other communities. This will increase the readiness of communities to give their sons and daughters in marriage to one another.

iv. Promotion Of Political Development: A positive intercommunal relationship fosters various types of political development and guarantees that affected communities are involved in matters relating to political enhancement in their respective communities.

v. Economic Progress: A responsible and positive intercommunal connection will promote a peaceful environment and tactics for each other’s businesses, such as inter-marketing and inter-agriculture plans.

vi. Government Programs And Policies Promotion


No (4)

I Drug-related criminal investigation: The NDLEA’s major responsibility is to regularly identify measures and methods for detecting drug-related crimes, such as the cultivation, trading, and use of narcotic drugs and substances.

(ii) Enforcing drug laws: Outside of the NDLEA, various units are responsible for enforcing the Nigerian constitution’s drug rules and regulations. The NDLEA’s role is to collaborate with these other authorities in order to pass drug laws.

(iii) Destroying narcotic plants and substances: In many cases, the agency must begin with the source of the problem, which is the production of hard narcotics. The agency has the authority to remove narcotic plants and trees from the environment. By doing so, the agency will be able to stifle demand for its services.

(iv) Collaborating with international authorities to combat drug trafficking: Despite its status as a federal agency, the DEA has international responsibilities. Its job is to keep track of all drug-related matters both inside and outside Nigeria, as well as to enforce international drug regulations.

(v) Taking the lead in drug-related research: The agency participates in investigations and experiments involving the use of narcotic substances as a technical and scientific unit. The NDLEA has a significant role to play in gathering these actions since novel compounds are being adapted to make unlawful substances.

(Question number 4)

1. Drug-related crime investigation

The NDLEA’s principal mission is to regularly identify measures and methods for detecting drug-related offenses, such as the production, trafficking, and use of narcotic drugs and substances.

2. Administering and enforcing drug laws

Outside of the NDLEA, there are several units tasked with executing the Nigerian constitution’s drug-related statutes and regulations. The NDLEA’s role is to collaborate with these other authorities in order to pass drug laws.

3. Eliminating and destroying narcotic plants and substances

Many times, the agency must begin with the source of the problem, which is the cultivation of hard drugs. The agency has the authority to remove narcotic plants and trees from the environment. The agency will be able to stifle demand for these substances by doing so.

4. Collaborating with international organizations to combat drug trafficking

Despite being a federal organization, the agency has worldwide responsibilities. Its job is to keep track of all drug-related matters both inside and outside Nigeria, as well as to enforce international drug regulations.

5. Taking the lead in drug-related research endeavors

In investigations and experiments involving the use of narcotic substances, the agency works as a technical and scientific unit. The NDLEA has a significant role to play in gathering these actions since novel compounds are being adapted to make unlawful substances.

6. Tracking the earnings of illegal drug trafficking

The NDLEA is in charge of tracking down drug lords and dealers. Following up on illegal financial movements and seizing the proceeds


(i) No interest in registration of voters.

(ii). Ignoring electoral activities.

(iii) Ignoring elections.

(iv) Showing no interest in protecting the electoral process.

(v) .Showing no political position.


(i) Inculcating civic values.

(ii) Establishing corrupt free electoral body that would act as an impartial umpire in

the electoral process.

(iii)Independent/non-partisan judiciary.

(iv)Encouraging popular participation in elections.

(v)Defending the fundamental human rights of citizens.

(vi)Making leaders accountable to the people who elected them.

The questions below are the WAEC GCE Civic Education Questions and Answers that will help you in your 2021 WAEC GCE Civic Education Questions.


1. The legitimate power to compel others into obedience is​​

(a) Authority

(b) Constitution

(c) Force

(d) Law

(e) Sovereignty

2. The organization responsible for the issuance of driving license is

(a) Federal Road Safety Commission

(b) National Union of road Transport Workers

(c) Nigeria Immigration Service

(d) Nigeria Police force

(e) Vehicle Inspection Office

3. Which of the following is a preventive​​ measure against cultism?

(a) Drug Abuse should be encouraged

(b) Religious and moral education should be removed from the school​​ curriculum

(c) Students should be allowed to join any group

(e) Students should be counseled on the evils of cultism.

4. The​​ agency in Nigeria charged with the responsibility of controlling drug abuse is

(a) Federal Road Safety Corps

(b) National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control

(c) National Drugs Law Enforcement Agency

(d) National Orientation Agency

(e) Nigeria Security and Civil Defense corps.

5. Civil Society organizations contribute to the citizen’s ability to exchange- on national issues​​

(a) Ideas

(b)​​ Interest

(c) Policies

(d) Programmes

(e) Resources​​

6. Constitutional review and amendment is the sole responsibility of the​​

(a) Electorate

(b) Executive

(c) Judiciary

(d) Legislature

(e) Presidency​​

7. The most effective means of resolving dispute in the society is​​

(a) Confrontation

(b) Counseling

(c) Court action

(d) Dialogue

(e) Retaliation​​

8. The skill-acquisition project that requires huge capital to start is​​

(a) Barbing

(b) Blacksmithing

(c) Bricklaying

(d) Tailoring

(e) Welding

9. The Nigeria Police Act of 1964 spells out the following functions except

(a) Apprehension of offenders​​

(b) Bribery and corruption

(c) Prevention and detention of criminals

(d) Protection of lives and property

(e) preservation of law and order

10. Which of the following organizations is not expected to protest against government policies?

(a) Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps

(b) Association of market Women

(c) National Council of Women Societies

(d) Nigeria Football Association

(e) Nigeria Financial Institutions​​

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