WAEC Government Questions and Answers 2022/2023 (Essay and Objectives)

WAEC Government Questions and Answers

WAEC Government Questions and Answers: I will provide you with free access to WAEC Government objective and theory repeated questions. You’ll also learn how WAEC Government questions are constructed, as well as a variety of other test facts.

Note: For today’s Government Answers, go to the bottom of the page.

The West African Examination Council is an examination body that sets questions from topics that students should be able to write and pass without stress after their education in senior secondary school.

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WAEC Government Questions and Answers 2022

Today’s WAEC Government answers:







(1) [Choose FIVE] I Press freedom: Radio, newspapers, and television stations should be able to write and express their opinions without fear of retaliation.

(ii) Political parties: In a democracy, there are multiple political parties, each with different individuals vying for power.

(iii) Political liberty: it is a necessary component, as are the equal rights of all normal adults to vote and run for office, frequent elections, and equal eligibility for political offices, among other things.

(iv) Individual personality value: Democracy restores the conviction in the value of individual individuality. It entails the need to respect the other person, to listen to his reasons, and to consider his viewpoint.

WAEC Biology Practical Questions and Answers 2022/2023 (Complete Solution)

(v) Freedom of association and association: People should be free to choose their own candidates and political parties without fear of intimidation. Citizens can form political parties and solicit support for their programs.

(vi) Provision of opportunities: Democracy provides individuals with the opportunity to develop their personalities. It guarantees access to knowledge and free education, as well as job security, decent working conditions, and leisure.

(vii) Constitutional supremacy/Rule of Law: In every political system, the constitution should take precedence over all other considerations. The rule of law should be implemented, and no one should be above the law.

(viii) Judicial independence/fundamental human right: The judiciary should be free and independent of other government branches, such as the executive and legislative. Individual rights should be advocated and protected.

(4) [Choose FIVE] I Press freedom: The freedom to use the media should be preserved.
(ii) Information Bureau: This should be set up to receive, compile, and disseminate data.
iii) Freedom of expression and association: By promoting and allowing freedom of expression and association.
(iv) Pressure group activities: By promoting the activities of pressure groups and other non-profit organizations.
(v) Opinion Poll: Promoting the use of opinion polls on matters of public concern.
(vi) The existence of political parties: Will aid in the shaping of public opinion.
(vii) Responsive and responsible: Social organizations such as families and religious centers, for example, should be able to display these characteristics.

Take a look at the following guide before we begin:

  1. Cover WAEC GCE syllabus 2021
  2. Make use of the WAEC Government recommended textbooks
  3. Have self-confidence
  4. Pray to God your Creator
  5. Follow and understand the questions presented to you.

WAEC Literature In English Questions and Answers 2022/2023 (Theory and Objective)

WAEC 2022 Government Practice Questions

Below are sure WAEC Government questions.

1. Power differs from influence in that it is
A. persuasive while influence is directive
B. coercive while influence is harmful
C. coercive while influence is persuasive
D. arrogant while influence is corruptive

2. The standing committee of a legislature is one
A. whose member stand while deliberating
B. that has statutory responsibilities
C. that perform adhoc functions
D. that has legislators as members.

3. Where the constitution is supreme, unconstitutional acts of the executive and the legislature can be checked by the courts through
A. recall
B. judicial review
C. vote of no confidence
D. impeachment.

4. The central decision-making organ of a confederation is made up of
A. technocrats appointed by the units
B. politicians elected from the confederal constituencies
C. politicians nominated by the government of member states
D. representatives of pressure groups.

5. Which of the following is true of a parliamentary system of government?
A. clear separation of government organs.
B. strict operation of a bicameral legislature.
C. removal of government by impeachment.
D. adherence to majority rule.

6. A major feature of authoritarianism is that government is
A. consensual
B. personalized
C. centralized
D. decentralized.

7. The central point of capitalism, as expounded by Karl Marx, is that
A. capitalist profit is the surplus value obtained from workers labour
B. workers are inherently incapable of being owners of their labour
C. capitalists shall always increase worker earning capacity through wages
D. capitslists shall always readily consent to workers welfare demands.

8. A constitution that requires a plebiscite or a referendum to be amended is
A. rigid
B. unwritten
C. flexible
D. written

9. An important function of a constitution is that it
A. provide a framework for the study of government
B. facilities cross-fertilization of ideas of governance
C. serves as the fountain head of authority for the exercise of power
D. promotes citizen participation in government and administration.

10. When a bill passed by the legislature is vetoed by the executive, the action underscores the principle
A. probity and accountability
B. separation of powers
C. collective responsibility
D. checks and balances.

11. In the legislative process, a bill is pass
A. motion accepted for debate
B. motion rejected after debate
C. proposal before the legislature
D. law pass by the legislature.

12. One of the advantages of a bicameral over a unicameral legislature is that it
A. is cheap to maintain
B. promotes social equality
C. takes less time for the bills to be passed
D. prevents the passage of ill-considered bills.

13. The fundamental rights of citizens include rights to
A. free education, employment and freedom of thought
B. life, speech and association
C. life, liberty and property
D. association, property and social security.

14. The manipulation of boundaries of constituencies in order to win more seats is called
A. devolution
B. rigging
C. gerrymandering
D. delimitation

15. One argument against a multi-party system is the
A. encouragement of opposition and instability
B. banning of interest groups
C. inability to attract foreign assistance
D. high cost of conducting elections.

16. Associational interest groups are organized to
A. Further the interest of members
B. Specifically lobby the government
C. Support the government
D. Achieve goals affecting other associations.

17. Public opinion is a view that is
A. held by the majority
B. active in the public realm
C. widely publicized
D. no longer a secret.

18. The political neutrality of civil servants implies that they
A. are not allowed to join any organisation or group
B. have no dealings with politicians
C. are not allowed to be involved in partisan politics
D. are not allowed to vote.

19. The idea of making the civil service permanent, neutral and anonymous is to
A. Enhance efficiency in administration
B. Ensure loyalty and support
C. Prevent opposition to government
D. Make civil servants a functional elite.

20. The western zone of the Sokoto caliphate was administered from
A. kebbi
B. Ilorin
C. Bida
D. Gwandu.

21. Some pre-colonial Nigerian societies are described as stateless because
A. they had no formal governmental institutions
B. they had no definite political boundaries
C. their population was too small
D. they were not independent.

22. The method used by the British to facilitate the administration of Southern Nigeria was
A. Persuation
B. Dialogue
C. Divide and rule
D. Trade association.

23. A major function of the warrant chiefs was to
A. prevent tribal wars
B. supervise native courts and markets
C. stop ritual killings
D. take charge of local administration.

24. After 1945, the demand of African nationalists changed from reform to independence because
A. colonial rule became less oppressive
B. colonial rule was in disarray
C. the second world war boosted their morale
D. the second world war enhanced colonial rule.

25. When Nigeria achieved independence in 1960, the head of state was the
A. president
B. prime minister
C. Governor-General
D. Queen of England.

26. Delegated legislature becomes unavoidable when
A. legislators cannot reach a consensus
B. issues under consideration are personal
C. issues under consideration are technical
D. legislators have to proceed on a recess.

27. One major disadvantage of public opinion is that
A. the critics of government policies are always harassed
B. a vocal minority claims to represent the majority
C. gossip and rumours thrive
D. leaders are unnecessarily criticized.

28. Citizenship in a modern state expresses the status of a person who possesses
A. full political rights
B. some religious rights
C. social right only
D. exclusive economic rights.

29. Communism is a system which recognizes
A. class stratification
B. the existence of the state
C. the existence of the individual
D. the ability of the individual

30. The delineation of constituencies is a major duty of the
A. national assembly
B. political parties
C. boundary commission
D. electoral commission

31. The structure of the civil service is based on
A. lateral organisation
B. merit system
C. patronage system
D. hierachical organization

32. A common feature of a multi-party system is that government is formed by
A. the major political party
B. all the registered political parties
C. a coalition of political parties
D. the party with the highest votes.

33. To qualify for absorption into the administration cadre of the civil service in Nigeria, an applicant must be
A. knowledgable in civil services rule
B. a holder of a first university degree
C. specifically trained in public administration
D. a senior civil serv.ant

34. The final interpretation pf the provisions of a federal constitution is vested in the
A. head of state
B. council of state
C. highest legislative body
D. highest court of the land.

35. A major issue that distinguishes pressure groups from political parties is
A. Membership drive
B. The objective
C. The voting pattern
D. Idealogy.

36. Proportional representation is a system of allocating seats in the legislature based on
A. gender participation in polities
B. an area
C. contribution to the national economy
D. total votes in an election.

37. The application of the principle of separation of powers seems impracticable because powers is
A. delegated
B. centralized
C. fused
D. separated

38. When did Nigeria gain her Independence?
A. 1st October, 1963
B. 31st October, 1690
C. 1st October, 2012
D. 1st October, 1960
E. 12th October, 1992

39. The central legislature of Nigeria became bicameral in
A. 1960
B. 1951
C. 1959
D. 1963

40. Which of these constitutions recognized local government as a third tier of government in Nigeria?
A. 1946 Constitution.
B. 1960 Constitution.
C. 1963 Constitution.
D. 1979 Constitution.

41. Under the 1963 constitution, items not listed in the exclusive and concurrent list were within the exclusive competence of the
A. Executive
B. federal parliament
C. regional legislatures
D. judiciary

42. Before Nigeria became a republic, the highest body charged with the administrator of justice was the
A. Privy council
B. High court
C. Supreme court
D. Court of appeal

43. The equivalent of the commissioner at the local government level is the
A. Executive chairman
B. Secretary
C. Councilor
D. Supervisory councilor.

44. The Independent National Electoral Commission has the power to prepare and maintain the register of
A. Political parties
B. Constituencies
C. Voters
D. Electoral candidates.

45. The president of Nigeria is advised on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country by the
A. National Security Council
B. National Defense Council
C. Council of state
D. Federal Executive Council

46. The Nigerian Youth Movement collapsed as the result of
A. Its failure to win election
B. Shortage of funds to run its affairs
C. The harassment of its leadership by the government.
D. The breakup of its leadership.

47. The first restructuring of the Nigerian Federation took place with the
A. Creation of mid-west Region in 1963
B. Abolition of federalism in 1966
C. Military counter-coup in 1966
D. Creation of states in 1967

48. The land use decree of 1978 vested the ownership of land in Nigeria in the
A. local chiefs
B. local governments
C. state governments
D. federal governments

49. The main source of financing local government in Nigeria is
A. internal revenue generation
B. statutory revenue allocation
C. special state grants
D. grants-in-aid

50. The most remarkable legacy of the 1976 Local Government Reform in Nigeria was the introduction of
A. the office of sole administrators
B. caretaker management committees
C. uniformity in structure and functions
D. the third tier of government.

WAEC Government Essay Questions

  1. Separation of powers has three advantages and three disadvantages.
  2. Explain the six functions that political parties in your nation perform.
  3. Identify six characteristics that influence pressure group effectiveness.
  4. Explain six responsibilities that a state’s citizen is obliged to fulfill.
  5. (a) What is the definition of a state?
    (a) Describe five reasons why people must be citizens of a state.
  6. Before colonial authority, how did the people of British West African territory govern themselves?
  7. What are the most common criticisms of Nigeria’s 1946 Richards Constitution?
  8. Describe six advantages Nigeria has as a member of the United Nations Organization.

WAEC Government Essay and Objective 2022 (EXPO)

The above questions are probable WAEC Government repeated questions and answers, not exact WAEC Government questions and answers from 2022.

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